If you and your partner are trying to have a baby, know that your weight and lifestyle can successfully conceive.
How Does Being Overweight Affect Fertility?
Determining whether you are only slightly overweight or obese requires a calculation of your body mass index. A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is healthy. However, a BMI that ranges between 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, and anything above 30 is deemed obese. The connection between obesity and infertility is complex.
When a woman is obese, she might experience hormonal imbalances. This will interfere with her ovulation and menstruation cycle, especially if it is her first baby. Obesity decreases the occurrence of ovulation. It even reduces the chances of conceiving in women who ovulate habitually.
Obesity has also been linked to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a standard variable in infertility. Many women with infertility issues have PCOS. Up to 1 in 5 women are diagnosed with PCOS. A woman with this diagnosis may find it difficult to conceive.
Carrying excess weight can adversely affect the biochemical balance of a woman’s body. For instance, the metabolism of fats is carbohydrates is reduced, which leads to the development of insulin resistance- a condition that is a precursor to type 2 diabetes. This can create an unstable uterine environment for eggs and embryos, making conception next to impossible.
It is also important to note that obesity affects males too. Many research studies have demonstrated that men with a high BMI index have reduced sperm motility.
So what this means if you and your partner are trying to conceive but are significantly overweight, it can affect your chances of having a baby.
What Role Does Exercise Play Infertility?
The adage, “all things in moderation,” aptly applies exercise and increasing your ability to conceive. Being physically active is good for the body. Pregnant women who include moderate exercise in their routine have a better outcome. Couples who are attempting to pregnancy should engage in up to 3 hours of moderate aerobic exercise each week. However, it is advisable to abstain from intense exercise as this can cause significant stress leading to ovulation issues.
If you are trying to get pregnant, avoid lifting weights that weigh more than forty pounds; even extreme sports events such as marathons are not recommended.
Moderate physical activity is also recommended for males attempting conception. They are exercising just thrice week results in improved sperm parameters. However, it is suggested that males should not ride bicycles for more than four hours per week. The saddle can influence testicular function.
Apart from weight and exercise, what other lifestyle factors can affect my chances of conceiving?
Certain environmental factors can have an adverse influence on fertility. These are:
- Cigarette Smoking
A single cigarette contains over 4,000 chemicals, leading to a wide range of health concerns. In female smokers, there is a marked reduction in infertility. In males, cigarette smoking contributes to damaged DNA and low sperm production.
- Radiation and Environmental Toxins
Many research studies have found a link between exposure to radiation and chemicals and reduced reproductive health. The International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics states that impaired fetal growth, congenital malformations, stillbirth, and miscarriage are outcomes arising from exposure to air pollutants, solvents, plastics, and pesticides. While it may not be possible to exert control over all these factors, you can make healthier choices such as eating organic foods and limiting your exposure to plastics.
Stress management is vital to your well-being, especially if you are trying to get pregnant or undergoing fertility treatments. Stress and the anxiety that results from it have a direct influence on the pituitary gland, which can influence ovulation. Stress can also lower male hormones leading to low sperm count and low sperm density.
Controlling your weight and making healthy, lifestyle choices improve your chances of conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy. To learn more about how weight and lifestyle can influence fertility, contact Rite Options egg donation and surrogacy center.